Govinda Prasad Dhakal
The global epidemic of coronavirus is affecting almost every country in the world. Different countries and societies were found to have different views on the epidemic of coronavirus. Whatever it is, it has affected almost every country in the world. The Coronavirus epidemic has caused more terror in the world than a terrible war. The number of people infected with the coronavirus or the number of deaths from the same case is greater than the number of people who are fear by it which cause the economic activities of the people were curtailed as the consequences of the Lockdown announced by the government and government agencies. This situation may recur in the coming days too. Such a situation is likely to recur in the future. In such circumstances, the individual, the society and the country need to think more broadly about how to preserve the entire human civilization.
In general, when everything is going smoothly, how do people get the things they need? Where it is coming from, may not even matter. Everything is available. There is no shortage. Necessary income has also been generated to buy essential goods and services. But the sudden onset of the epidemic was felt all over the world at a time when most countries in the world stopped international flights, stopped cross-border movement, and in some cities, educational institutions, entertainment centres, factories etc. remained closed. In our case, a nationwide lockdown was announced from March 24, 2020. Even after that, the different local level government announced lockdown, seal, restriction whatsoever possible in different places for a long time. Sometimes banned, and sometimes banned from sealing the office. On the one hand, the fear of the coronavirus and on the other hand, the lack of job opportunities has made the lower middle class and the lower middle class anxious. There is a lot of hustle and bustle to build up the credit. People are struggling to survive and save the prestige.
The impact of the coronavirus on the daily lives of families and individuals across the country and society is clear, not only immediate but also long-term. The family has gone to a foreign country have declining income of the members or the possibility of losing their livelihood has seriously affected the economic condition of the lower and lower-middle-class people and their families who have come to the city to earn income from the village, due to which the educational future of their children is also in doubt. Some of them have been forced to return home. Only time will tell whether the people who have returned to the village from the city will settle down in the village or return to the city to fight and struggle again. The purpose of this article is to focus on what would be appropriate for the country’s economic development, rather than what they would do.
Analyzing Nepal’s socio-economic reality, Nepali society does not seem to be able to learn from the difficulties of planning for the future and move towards economic development without proper implementation. We seem to have forgotten the lessons learned from the earthquake, the pain of the blockade, and wasted so many difficult travel experiences. Similarly, the epidemic of Corona and the difficult experiences it has given us are likely to remain where we are in the near future. However, it seems necessary to do special work in various economic sectors that can learn lessons from different situations and contribute to the economic development of the country. Looking at the socio-economic condition of Nepal, basically, agriculture, extensive work in the small and medium enterprises and tourism sector can bring a big change in the economic development of Nepal.
In terms of agricultural production, statistics show that most of the agricultural products consumed in Nepal are being imported. Nepal ranks first in South Asia in terms of meat consumption but imports more than Rs 20 billion worth of meat products every year. Looking at the statistics of imports of food items such as pulses, rice and vegetables, we feel that we are overwhelmed by the remittances brought by the youth by sweating in foreign lands. In most of the foreign countries, the state has given ample subsidy for agricultural production and the real farmers are economically prosperous and distinguished in society. We also have real farmers. It is necessary to make the agricultural profession dignified in society by providing grants and detailed research and other necessary measures by the state. Under difficult conditions, such as epidemics, famines, and wars, every state has not even been able to export its products without satisfying its hunger. The state must now wake up to the Corona epidemic and the ensuing blockade, and the general public must be vigilant. It is necessary to repatriate youths who have migrated abroad for foreign employment. Now local governments in the country are powerful. Local governments have the capacity to mobilize resources and manpower. The local government has also won the trust of the people. In such a situation, it is pertinent for the local government to make citizens active in agricultural production under the PPP (Public, Private Partnership) model. From this, the entire community is involved in the production. Even if this model creates a potential loss of work and an uncomfortable environment, the person does not drown. The direct presence of the state itself as a local government there seems to be pervasiveness with citizens. Another important issue is to reduce the political influence in this system by participating in the local elections and getting a certain percentage of votes. It is necessary to ensure the participation and guardianship of independent intellectuals in political parties and society. Marketing after production is even more challenging. In the marketing system, the middleman system prevails. The structure established in the same PPP model to extend the production of wheat to the end consumer through short, simple and economical means beyond the wall of this intermediary system. Appropriate coordination of inter-local government, the provincial government and federal government bodies can be made immediately. After all these efforts have been made, the sweat of the Gulf is being repatriated, and the most important achievement of Eastern civilization is the resurgence of families and Nepal’s original social spirit. The country can be self-sufficient in agricultural production.
Establishment and operation of large industrial infrastructure in Nepal do not look easy. Imports are easier than production. The market says it has become cheaper. Nepal is between the first country of the world China and the second country India in terms of population. China’s population is about 1.42 billion and India’s is about 1.37 billion where both countries are committed to industrial development. The unit length of their industrial production is very low. For centuries, Nepal has not only had an open border but also a relationship between bread and butter. Nepal and India have strong cultural, religious and family ties. The Terai Madhes districts of Nepal have marital ties with Indian families. Common pilgrimage, common social cum cultural concern; there are many topics of social activity and common concern that the relationship between Nepal and India. The government is more powerful at the grassroots level than at the grassroots level. Lately, Nepal’s relations with China even more so. These relationships also have a commercial meaning. Due to these circumstances, imports become easier and cheaper than producing most of the industrial necessities needed by Nepal. Apart from Nepal and India, various goods are being imported to Nepal from many countries of the world, which is natural in today’s world market. In the midst of all this, the development of small and medium enterprises in the country is essential. Abundant in agriculture and herbs as there is potential, small and medium enterprises based on the same product need to be developed extensively. Apart from that, if we look at the historical background of Nepal, Nepal is one of the oldest countries in the world with ancient history. Nepal is also the birthplace, karma and land of knowledge of the basis of Eastern civilization, sages. Sanskrit, the world’s oldest language, is the world’s tallest Mount Everest, the birthplace of Gautama Buddha, the important deities of Sanatan Hinduism, Aradhyadeva Pashupatinath and Muktinath. In the Ramayana, Janakpur, the birthplace of the late Sitamata, is the site of ancient human footprints. The location of prosperous Nepal is not only the first and second from the point of view of the population but also from the point of view of China which has a large number of Buddhists from a religious point of view and India which has a large number of Hindus. In addition to traditional tourism, religious tourism is the centre of Nepal’s tourism development potential apart from the special cities of the capital Kathmandu and the foothills of the Himalayan region, the attraction of climbing Mt. Everest can be extended to remote village settlements i.e. grassroots level. Realizing that easy and safe access to transportation is the first requirement, it seems necessary to develop the necessary infrastructure. For tourists who reach the rest of the rural areas, the environment can be adapted to a pure Nepali traditional but clean and tidy village rather than a big star hotel. From this, multi-dimensional benefits can be taken such as earning foreign exchange, consumption of locally produced agricultural products, and the creation of self-employment. For its proper development, the government needs to carry out necessary studies and research to create a conducive environment and place special emphasis on its implementation. With the right environment, the private sector can also move forward in the tourism sector.
For the economic development of the country, the state has to build the infrastructure. Basic access to transportation, communication, and security is possible only through government efforts. In some areas in the PPP model can be done by the local government and the private sector, while in most areas the private sector is self-sufficient. To activated resources and capital, mobilization can cooperate with banks and financial institutions. Any difficult situation, not just the epidemic of the corona, lasts for a certain period of time. Every difficult situation gives rise to another comfortable and suitable environment or situation. It is necessary to take systematic steps in the development of agriculture, small and medium enterprises and tourism sector in order to achieve self-reliant economic potential with the goodwill of no Nepali in the future no matter what happens in the future. With the development of an open economy and globalization, foreign employment opportunities have not been created. Currently, remittances are an important part of foreign exchange, but when a young person who has gone abroad at the age of 20-25 returns home at the age of 45-50, he is neither like here nor like there. If that effort is to be made in the homeland, it will continue as long as every person lives can stay active. Therefore, in the case of proper development of agriculture, industry and tourism, if we will be able to return the youthful energy that has gone to employment to the foreign land, the individual, family, society and the country as a whole will be economically prosperous. Every individual can be made prosperous, happy and happy. Let everyone’s attention go in time.
The Writer is Chief Executive Officer of Girma Development Bank Limited